Newborn Health

Study: Banned chemicals pass through umbilical cord

Trace amounts of flame retardants, which have been banned in the US for more than a decade, are still being passed through umbilical cord blood from mothers to their babies, according to new research conducted by Indiana University. The researchers explained that the chemicals are linked to health...

Perfect hand hygiene ‘can still lead to MRSA transmission in NICU babies’

Perfectly clean hands can still lead to transmission of MRSA among babies in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), according to research led by Drexel University, US. Dr Neal Goldstein, assistant research professor in the Dornsife School of Public Health, and his colleagues examined how a NICU...

HIV-positive women ‘more likely to transmit cytomegalovirus to babies’

HIV-positive women with cytomegalovirus (CMV) in their urine at the time of labour and delivery are more than five times likelier to transmit HIV to their babies than HIV-positive women without CMV, according to a new study led by the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). The researchers...

Late premature birth ‘increases hospitalisation risk for respiratory illness’

A new study of children up to two years of age has revealed that those born late preterm (34-36 weeks) had a significantly greater risk of recurrent hospitalisation for respiratory illness compared to those who were born full term (later than 37 weeks). It was also found that the repeat hospital...

Foetal immunity ‘develops in second trimester’

Scientists in Singapore have discovered that a foetus' immune system is established as early as the second trimester of pregnancy, and may be able to initiate immune responses independently of the mother's immune system. The researchers are from the Agency for Science, Technology and...

Home births ‘biggest risk factor for neonatal deaths in Africa’

Giving birth at home is the most significant risk factor for neonatal deaths in large parts of Africa, according to a study by Michigan State University, US. Africa continues to see the highest neonatal mortality rates in the world. The researchers found that in both East and West Africa, many...

Ethnicity and breastfeeding ‘influence gut bacteria in infants’

The bacteria in a child’s gut could be influenced as early as its first year by ethnicity and breastfeeding, a new study from McMaster University, Canada, has revealed. According to the study, while stable gut bacteria - called microbiota - may not be established until the child is between...

Women risking health of newborns with needless scans, study shows

Women are putting the health of their unborn babies in jeopardy by agreeing to unnecessary scans, a new poll has suggested. The NHS currently offers scans at 12 weeks and 20 weeks in order to check the health of unborn children, but a poll from Channelmum.com found that nearly a third still pay for...

Financial worries can affect health of babies

Financial anxiety can have an adverse impact on the health of newborns, findings suggest. A study from Ohio State University found a link between monetary worries and low birth-weight babies, which can later suffer from long-term issues such as obesity and heart disease. Researchers advise...

Financial worries can affect health of babies

Financial anxiety can have an adverse impact on the health of newborns, findings suggest. A study from Ohio State University found a link between monetary worries and low birth-weight babies, which can later suffer from long-term issues such as obesity and heart disease. Researchers advise...