Poor adolescent diet associated with premenopausal breast cancer

Research has shown that women who consumed a diet as adolescents or young adults associated with chronic inflammation had a higher risk for premenopausal breast cancer.

A diet low in vegetables and high in sugar-sweetened and diet soft drinks, refined sugars and carbohydrates, red and processed meats and margarine has been linked to high levels of inflammatory markers in the blood, according to the study.

The study looked at data from 45,204 women enrolled in the Nurses’ Health Study II who had completed a food frequency questionnaire in 1998, when they were aged between 33 and 52, about their diet during high school. Adult diet was assessed first using a food frequency questionnaire in 1991, when participants were between the ages of 27 and 44, and then every four years after that.

Study author Dr Karin Michels, professor and chair of the Department of Epidemiology at the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, Los Angeles, US, said: “Our results suggest that a habitual diet that promotes chronic inflammation when consumed during adolescence or early adulthood may indeed increase the risk of breast cancer in younger women before menopause.”ADNFCR-2094-ID-801833079-ADNFCR