Newborn Health

Air pollution exposure during foetal life linked with impaired cognitive functions

A child could grow up with impaired cognitive functions if their mother was exposed to air pollution during pregnancy, a new study suggests. According to the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal) in Spain and the Erasmus University Medical Center of Rotterdam in the Netherlands, air...

Zika virus found to damage placenta

New research has suggested the Zika virus damages a pregnant woman’s placenta, an organ inside a woman's uterus that helps protect and care for a growing baby. The virus has been proven to cause babies to be born with microcephaly - unusually small heads due to underdeveloped brains. New...

Topiramate in early pregnancy can increase risk of oral clefts in babies

Using topiramate - an anti-epileptic drug - in early pregnancy, particularly at high doses, could increase the risk of oral clefts in babies. This is according to new research by the US’ Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) and the Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health. Last author of the...

Diabetes in pregnancy ‘affects babies’ hearts’

Researchers have discovered how high glucose levels - whether caused by diabetes or other factors - keep heart cells from maturing normally. The scientists from the University of California Los Angeles, US, said their findings go some way towards explaining why babies born to women with diabetes...

Rheumatoid arthritis during pregnancy linked to chronic disease risk in children

Children born to women with rheumatoid arthritis are at increased risk for certain chronic diseases, new research has found. Undertaken by scientists at Odense University Hospital, Denmark, the study aimed to address the concern that many women with rheumatoid arthritis have that they might pass...

Length of stay in ICU can affect premature babies’ behaviour

The length of stay in the ICU is the factor that best explains some premature babies' behavioural problems relating to emotional regulation, according to a study by the University of São Paulo's Ribeirão Preto School of Medicine (FMRP-USP), Brazil. According to research,...

Living in a 'war zone' linked to low birthweight

Pregnant women living in war zones or areas of armed conflict are at heightened risk of giving birth to low birthweight babies, according to new research. Lead author James Kearsley, of the University of Warwick, UK, said: “People living in war zones are under constant threat of attack, which...

Complications at birth associated with chemical changes in the brain

Adults who were born prematurely and who also suffered small brain injuries around the time of birth have lower levels of dopamine in the brain, according to new research by the UK’s King’s College London and Imperial College London, and the US’ Icahn School of Medicine at Mount...

FIGO supports World Prematurity Day 2017

Statement from the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) to highlight World Prematurity Day 2017 (17 November 2017).

Clamping umbilical cord later ‘saves preterm babies' lives’

Thousands of preterm babies could be saved by waiting 60 seconds before clamping the umbilical cord after birth instead of clamping it immediately. This is according to international research coordinated by the University of Sydney's National Health and Medical Research Council Clinical Trials...