Oncology

NICE recommends access to life-extending breast cancer drugs

The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has recommended two life-extending breast cancer drugs - palbociclib and ribociclib - for routine funding after the companies behind their development lowered the prices and gave more evidence for their effectiveness. According to NICE,...

Women ‘prefer annual mammogram screening’

Women prefer to receive mammogram tests every year, instead of every two years, according to a new study conducted by the Einstein Medical Center in Philadelphia, US. For many years, the standard recommendation among the majority of medical groups was that women at average risk of breast cancer...

Smoking linked with greater breast cancer risk

A link between smoking and a greater risk of breast cancer has been identified by researchers. The Breast Cancer Now Generations Study revealed that women who smoked were 14 per cent more likely to develop breast cancer than those who had not. Female smokers with a family history of breast cancer...

Women with higher BMI ‘may need more frequent mammograms’

Women with higher body mass index (BMI) face an increased risk of not detecting their breast tumor until it has become large, according to a new study conducted by the Karolinska Institutet, Sweden. The researchers said their findings suggest that women with higher BMIs may need more frequent...

IUDs ‘may protect against cervical cancer’

Intrauterine devices (IUD) may offer protection against cervical cancer, the third-most common cancer in women around the world, according to a new study by the University of Southern California’s Keck School of Medicine, US. The review is the first to combine data from multiple studies of...

NHS: Drop in number of women attending cervical cancer screening

Less than three-quarters of women are attending cervical cancer screening appointments in England, according to new data published by the National Health Service (NHS). According to the NHS, the percentage of eligible women (aged 25 to 64) who were screened within the specified period was 72 per...

HPV vaccine ‘means women only need three cervical scans through life’

Women may only have to undergo three cervical screens in their lifetimes if they have received the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, according to a new study by Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), UK. The research found that three smear tests at the ages of 30, 40 and 55 would offer the same...

Regular exercise can reduce breast cancer treatment side effects

Regular exercise can reduce the side effects of treatment for advanced breast cancer, including fatigue and pain, as well as improve cardiovascular health and quality of life, according to new research. Led by the University of Porto in Portugal, the new research suggests that women with advanced...

Researchers track mammary cell changes that lead to breast cancer

Researchers have mapped early genetic alterations in normal-looking cells at various distances from primary tumours to show how changes along the lining of mammary ducts can lead to breast cancer. The study was conducted by a multidisciplinary team, led by principal investigator Dr Susan Done...

New blood test to diagnose ovarian cancer developed

Researchers have identified a network of circulating microRNAs - small, non-coding pieces of genetic material - that are associated with a risk of ovarian cancer and can be detected from blood samples. The team, from Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, US, said...