Women's Health

Botswana 'tackling HIV more effectively than US'

Botswana is tackling HIV significantly more effectively than the US, according to a new report. Data from the Botswana Harvard AIDS Institute Partnership shows that the country has much higher rates of HIV diagnosis, treatment and suppression than the majority of Western countries, highlighting the...

Can oxytocin levels show postnatal depression likelihood?

If a woman has higher than average levels of the hormone oxytocin present in her blood during the third trimester of pregnancy, she may be more likely to suffer with postnatal depression. This is the finding of a study carried out by doctors from the Northwestern University Feinberg School of...

Extent of HIV and hepatitis C co-infections revealed

Some two million people around the world are infected with both HIV and the hepatitis C virus (HCV), according to a new report. Figures from the University of Bristol and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine in the UK reveal that 2.3 million individuals are living with both diseases,...

Mothers of winter babies urged to take vitamin D supplements

Expectant mothers with babies due in the winter months are being urged to take vitamin D supplements to strengthen their newborns' bone density. New research from the UK's University of Southampton, which was made possible thanks to funding from the charity Arthritis Research UK, found that...

Zika virus and Guillain-Barre syndrome linked

Doctors have linked the mosquito-borne Zika virus to the development of Guillain-Barre syndrome - a condition that can paralyse its victims. Writing in the Lancet, scientists from Glasgow University in Scotland explained that while Zika has already been linked to microcephaly in infants born to...

Antiretroviral therapy 'reduces HIV in females'

US doctors have discovered* that antiretroviral therapy (ART) can significantly reduce the presence of HIV in the reproductive tracts of affected females. Researchers from the University of North Carolina School of Medicine found that women who were treated with ART were 93 per cent less likely to...

Figures reveal extent of HIV in Indian women

New figures have revealed just how many Indian women are living with HIV. According to data from the country's government, 40 per cent of all HIV patients in India are female, meaning the spread of the disease could increase dramatically over the next few years. This is because mothers can pass...

Zika transmitted via sex in US case

The Zika virus is continuing to spread throughout the US, with the World Health Organization (WHO) declaring the outbreak a global emergency on the same scale as the Ebola epidemic. It is known that the infection spreads from the bites of the aedes mosquito, but in one case in Texas, doctors have...

More people becoming resistant to HIV drug

An increasing number of people in Africa are becoming resistant to a common HIV drug, making it harder for doctors to treat the potentially life-threatening condition. This is the finding of a study funded by the Wellcome Trust and carried out by researchers at University College London (UCL) in...

New research reveals consequences of long pregnancies

A new report highlights the importance of women giving birth as close to their due dates as possible, as pregnancies that run over 40 weeks present added risk to both maternal and newborn health. Researchers from Tel Aviv University in Israel found that babies born after 42 weeks in the womb were...