Uterine fibroid embolisation ‘can help restore fertility’

A minimally invasive treatment could help restore fertility in women with uterine fibroids, according to a new study.

Published in the journal Radiology, the research was conducted by Dr João Martins Pisco, from the Department of Interventional Radiology at Saint Louis Hospital in Lisbon, Portugal.

The study explains that uterine fibroids are abnormal masses of fibre and muscle tissue in the wall of the uterus. They are one of the most common causes of infertility and complications related to pregnancy.

Previous research has found that one in every four women with fibroids has fertility problems. Currently, the standard treatment for these women is myomectomy - the surgical removal of the fibroids.

However, Dr Pisco said that this option is not always effective and can result in complications, including requiring a hysterectomy. He explained that the less invasive method of uterine fibroid embolisation (UFE) involves the injection of an embolic agent - typically made up of very small beads - into the uterine arteries to block the blood supply to the uterus and fibroids.

As the fibroids die and begin to shrink, the uterus fully recovers. UFE can be performed in patients with a prior myomectomy or in vitro fertilization.ADNFCR-2094-ID-801836861-ADNFCR